25 meter pool – 64 lengths equal 1 mile. (A length is one way down the pool; a “lap” is down & back or a 50.
Aid Station -Typically every 1 mile/1K on the run and every 10-20 miles on the bike, there will be an aid station with water, GU. Plan for these when packing your race fuel and hydration.
Anti-Fog – solutions you can buy (baby shampoo!) to apply to goggles to prevent the dreaded foggy lens
Base – the aerobic foundation you build to ensure that you can begin to add speed, power and longer endurance.
Body Marking – In a race, you will be required to wear your race number on your body, often on the upper arm, lower leg and sometimes the thigh. Before a race, there will be designated “Body Markers,” volunteers who write your race number on your body with either a permanent marker.
Bonk – Also, known as “hitting the wall.” The dreaded point (and awful feeling similar to what your body would feel like if you ran into a wall) during a race when your muscle glycogen stores become depleted and a feeling of fatigue engulfs you.
Brick – back-to-back workouts of the sports. Traditionally, a bike and run, smushed together like on race day. But it can really be any combination of swim, bike and run. Bike/Run, or Swim/Bike or Swim/Run.
Cadence/RPM, or revolutions per minute, cadence means the rhythm of your swim stroke, bike pedal stroke, or run turnover of the feet (as they hit the ground), which is usually measured in “revolutions” per minute.
Circle Swimming – when you must share a lane in the pool, some people like to circle swim when there is more than 2 people. This is sometimes efficient, sometimes not. Ask your lane-mate what they prefer. Don’t just start swimming in circles. Other option you each take one side of the lane
Cleat – The part on the bottom of the cycling shoe where your shoe attaches to your clipless pedals.
Clipless Pedals – Pedals installed on your bike that allow you to “clip in” your shoes. These help your feet remain attached to the bike so you can use a full revolution in your pedaling.
Duathlon – A race consisting of run and bike and run again.
Foam Roller – A training tool made out of cylindrical foam that helps release “trigger points” in the muscles.
Freestyle – also known as the “front crawl,” this is the most efficient form of swimming in a triathlon.
Gels/GU – A form of sports nutrition typically used by triathletes in races due to the ease of digestibility, quick energy and convenience. Makers of gels include GU, Clif® and Hammer Nutrition®
Intervals – Training using short, fast “repeats” or “repetitions”…interval training builds speed and endurance.
Pull Float/Bouy – A floatation device used between the knees while swimming, which aids in keeping the bottom half of your body up in the water and allowing you to concentrate on your stroke.
Swim Wave – Most races divide the start of the event into “waves.” That means that groups start at different times, thus keeping the crowding on the swim down, but also on the entire course. Swim waves will be determined after sign ups.
Taper – The period of time before a race where you slow down the frequency and intensity of the workouts in order to give your body time to recover and rest before the event. The taper will make you crazy.
Toe Clips – The in-between regular bike pedals and clipless pedals. You can ride your bike with sneakers and clip your toes into these plastic clips installed on your pedals to give you the benefit of a full revolution on the bike without the beginner scariness of the Clipless Pedals.